WHAT ARE INTRAOCULAR INJECTIONS?
Over the last 10 years, Intraocular injections (also known as “intravitreal injections” and “eye injections”) have become the mainstay of treatment for many retinal diseases.
An intravitreal injection is a procedure performed to introduce medicine directly into the gel-filled center of your eye. It sounds quite scary, but in reality, it is very simple, it takes less than 10 seconds, and is virtually painless.
This procedure is performed by a retinal specialist during a regular office visit. Intraocular injections are typically needed to treat many serious retinal conditions that can lead to vision loss. Because of this, they should be performed in a timely manner to help patients preserve their existing vision and keep future vision loss to a minimum.
WHAT MEDICATIONS ARE GIVEN VIA EYE INJECTIONS?
Intravitreal injections are used to treat a variety of retinal conditions associated with vision loss, including wet macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, and retinal vein occlusion, among others.
Because the retina is the tissue lining the inside of the back of the eye, eye drops placed on the eye surface cannot reach this area effectively. That’s why injections are used to place the medicine directly at the site of the problem.
Medications administered within the eye include:
- Anti-VEGF (anti-vascular endothelial growth factor) medicines are used to inhibit the growth of abnormal blood vessels prone to bleeding and leakage. These are characteristic of diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration, and retinal vein occlusions.
- Steroids may be administered to treat inflammatory conditions within your eye.
- Anti-bacterial, anti-viral, and anti-fungal medications may be delivered directly into your eye to treat infections.
How are eye injections performed? Are they painful?
Although the thought of getting a needle stuck in your eye sounds terrifying to most people, it’s a nearly painless procedure that takes less than 10 seconds. These injections are so common that they are performed numerous times every day in our clinics.
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